September 1

What Scandinavian Can Teach Problem With Snow White

What Scandinavian Can Teach Problem With Snow White

The teachers at Stockholm’s Nicolai garden Scandinavian preschool don’t read Snow White and Seven Dwarfs. Instead, the library contains children’s books with different heroes and family models, including those with adoptive or single parents.

Titles include One More Giraffe about two giraffes looking after an abandon. Crocodile eggs, and Kivi and Monsterdog, where Kivi is unspecified as a child of unspecified sex. It is the intention to show a more realistic and diverse view of the world. That kids live in, and to avoid gender stereotypes.

These books are a stark contrast with classics of children’s literature like Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. This book has been under fire for its portrayal of women and men. The heroine is foolish (her stepmother tricks her twice) and lacks personality. The dwarfs tell her what to do, while the evil stepmother obsesses over beauty.

Prince Charming is attract to her physical beauty, and he rushes in to save his future wife. She is believe to be dead at the time he first meets her.

Teachers at Nicolaigarden don’t simply avoid stories like Snow White. This pre-school is just one of five that are changing their entire approach. To teaching in order to promote equality between the sexes. The most well-known member of the group, Egalia has been the subject of numerous documentaries in recent years.

Gender-neutral education is the latest trend to eliminate gender bias in education. The efforts of Scandinavian countries can be use as a model for gender equality in education.

The Scandinavian Model

Sweden is consistently rank as one of the most gender-egalitarian nations in the world, along with its Scandinavian neighbours. According to the 2016 Global Gender Gap Report by the World Economic Forum. Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Iceland have had the greatest success closing the gender gap. This is the gap, which prevents equal participation of men and women in education and health.

While some may question their inclusiveness, the success of Scandinavian countries in achieving. Gender equality can be attribute to the effectiveness of their policies.

Sweden’s 1998 Education Act amendments required schools to adopt gender-aware education guidelines. These guidelines suggested that schools had the responsibility of providing. Equal opportunities for all children regardless of gender and working against sex-based discrimination.

To help implement the guidelines, Nicolai garden teachers filmed interactions. With six-year-old students and discovered that boys and girls behaved differently.

Playground At Scandinavian Recess

They let the boys go into the playground at recess and asked the girls to wait for them to zip their coats. They spent less time comforting the girls who had suffered injuries and more time encouraging boys to “go back, play!” Teachers who believed they were proponents for gender equality saw the results as a wakeup call.

Lotta Rajalin was the director of Nicolaigarden School. She developed a gender-neutral pedagogy to ensure that no child is restricted by gender expectations.

Children have equal access to the same play area, which includes a wide range of toys, games and costumes. In similar numbers, library books feature strong female and male protagonists. Nicolaigarden has the highest number of preschools in the nation with up to 30% male caregivers, thanks to its hiring practices that encourage male applicants.

Schools should also strive to use gender neutral language to avoid gendering when possible. The genderless alternative to “hon (she), and “han (he) is the pronoun “hen”, which can be used to refer to children in a variety of ways, including calling them their first names or using the term friends. These inclusive guidelines have been adopted by other preschools in Stockholm.

The Scandinavian model for gender equality in schools does not only apply to gender-neutrality initiatives like those at Nicolaigarden and Egalia, but also to young children.

Gender constructs

Schools and associations can receive training through the Macho Factory program (Machofabriken). It is designed to challenge gender norms and break the link between violence and masculinity.

This program is based upon 17 short films that provide educators and participants with a platform for discussing the negative aspects of hegemonic masculinity.

September 1

Trinidad and Tobago Feminist Carnival Bikini And Feathers

Trinidad and Tobago Feminist Carnival Bikini And Feathers

Trinidad and Tobago’s Carnival is as bizarre as it is amazing. It last held in 2017. Carnival Bikini is not a mere imitation of similar celebrations in Rio de Janeiro and New Orleans. This Caribbean island of 1.4million people, primarily descended form enslaved Africans or Indian indentured laborers. Combines African traditions with European preLent festivities and Indian music rhythms.

This syncretism is perhaps not surprising given that Carnival has been an annual. Manifestation of women’s political resistance over the last 200 years.

Beads, Glitter, And Bikini Mas

The bikini-mas is the most prominent manifestation of Caribbean women’s dominance over Carnival. Every year, thousands of women take part in Carnival mas querade. Playing the mas in sequined bikinis and feathered headpieces in Rio-style.

Some fear that Trinidad and Tobago’s historical tradition may be losing its way. Because bikini mas have replaced traditional costumes depicting other periods, cultures and places as well some imagined characters. Traditional mas makers say that new, imported masquerade designs do not make political statements nor showcase local talent.

Bikini mas is complex. Its popularity is directly related to women’s growing earnings and economic independence. The demand for these costume is support by disposable income and the desire to have fun. It also reflects the desire of black women to acknowledged as beautiful. And sexy and not just as serious and successful students or workers.

Dr Sue Ann Barratt, A Feminist Bikini Scholar And Mas-Player

For some women, it is important to show that they are working out and be beautiful. This affirm their status as women and send the message that you able to be watch but not touched. Bikini mas, in short, allows women to resist the strict moral restrictions that society and religion place on them while allowing men more freedom of sexual expression.

Consider these lyrics, taken from Destra Garcia’s 2016 hit Lucy by Soca music star. I grew-up as ah real great girl, always home. Don’t go anywhere. They say that I lose as soon as I brought to Carnival. Orlando Octave, a singer, observed that despite having a lot of girls, they are still acting and winning like singles. This paradox, which Trinidadian women experience every day, has led to bikini mas becoming a cultural expression for a whole generation of young women.

Anti-slut Shaming Was The Original

These revellers continue the long-standing tradition in the nation of female self-affirmation and resistance to subordination. They also renegotiate the rules that govern public space. The Caribbean women have been at the forefront in rebellions from the 1500s when they rose up against slavery to the 1903 riots about water access.

Trinidadian women involved in Carnival bands long before slavery abolished. They would sometimes cover themselves with mud to express a sexuality that then considered indecent. They were accompanied by women who participated in stick fights, a traditional masculine activity. These women known as Jamettes in the 1800s. This a French term for those who are considered below the line of respectability.

These working-class, African-descended women carried on the Jamette tradition after the abolition. They cooked, washed clothes, and socialized in shared urban backyards. Jamette politics, with its unapologetic and fearless combination of reproductive, sexual and economic issues and insistence on justice equality and violence, has had a profound influence on Trinidad and Tobago’s modern Carnival and Caribbean feminism.

Bikini mas predates by decades the slut walks of Canada and America. It has helped to cultivate women’s resistance to rape culture, Trinidad and Tobago where male dominance and sexual harassment are seen as normal and natural. The Caribbean region has high rates of sexual violence.

Asami Nagakiya (a Japanese steelpan player) was killed during Carnival in Port of Spain last year. Feminist groups demanded the resignation of the mayor after he suggested that women’s attire and behavior at the annual carnival invited abuse. Young women protested the victim-blaming by wearing bikini mas costumes.

The #NotAskingForIt campaign featuring female workers and students as well as family members, was widely shared on social media throughout the Caribbean.

Are You Classist, Sexist, Or Empowering?

There are many contradictions in bikini mas. Participation in a band of mas costume players can cost up to US$1,000 per participant. Although all classes of women can afford an outfit, economics restricts female freedom.

In the way that bikini mas band members are held in check by security personnel and ropes, classism is also evident. This is a reproduction of the historical ways in which white upper class people used to segregate themselves from other people while they took over the streets.

However, such cordoning signals a harsh modern reality: these ropes are intended to protect women from all classes and races against sexual harassment. This policing and monitoring of women’s bodies hinders the radical potential for bikini mas.

Young feminists are looking for ways to link Trinidad’s centuries-old Carnival with a new generation in political resistance. The Leave Me Alone, Leave She Alone campaign, which is well-known for encouraging women to resist sexual violence, teamed up this year with Calypso Rose, to encourage men to create a Carnival, and society, where women feel safe and free.

Carnival is a place where thousands of Trinidad and Tobago women can express their desire for equality and freedom. You’ll find these feminist ideals hidden beneath the glittery and colorful stock photos.

September 1

Celebrating Halloween What’s So Scary About It

Celebrating Halloween What’s So Scary About It

As October is inevitably a time for grizzling halloween over the premature appearances of plum puddings and mince pies on supermarket shelves, so too are laments about American cultural imperialism. Halloween has become a regular part of the Australian calendar. In shopping centres, you will see Halloween decorations and themed confectionery. Around 100,000 Halloween pumpkins harvested out of season to be carved into Jack-o-Lanterns.

The Gaelic Samhain festival, which occurred at the end of the harvest season to herald the start of winter, is where Halloween originated. There are many European and Celtic traditions that predate Halloween’s commercialization in the United States. For example, you might carve a face into a turnip instead. However, its adoption in Australia has mostly followed American customs absorbed through television and film.

On daylight-savings Halloween evenings, groups of children from Australia now “trick-or treat” on their streets. According to a study on Halloween’s impact on child obesity, there was a 30% rise in confectionery sales in 2012. Adults in Generation Y and, to a lesser degree, X are celebrating Halloween with more enthusiasm than their parents. Nightclub events and Halloween parties are very common.

Celebrating Halloween

Children and young adults are celebrating Halloween more often, and many of these people are also wearing costumes. You’ll most likely encounter tiny witches, vampires, and ghosts knocking on your door on Halloween. However, Halloween costumes in North America and Australia not tied to “scary” or supernatural characters. Costumes can modelled after famous actors, television characters, celebrities, and politicians.

This year’s most sought-after costumes include Minion from Despicable Me 2, Walter White from Breaking Bad, and Miley Cyrus. Young women find “sexy” costumes to be a significant part of commercially-made designs. This is in contrast to similar themed costumes for men.

There are many “sexy” versions of popular costumes for women, such as animals, devils and fairy tale characters, as well as military personnel. There are many other highly objectifying costumes for women, including the “sexy slice” of pizza and “sexy bucket” of hot fries.

A Male Pizza Slice Costume Is A Good Example

There’s a whole branch of racially-sensitive sexy costuming that is problematic, including “geishas”, Native American and Inuit women, as well as “geishas” and “geishas”. Students at Ohio University have cleverly countered the racist stereotyping of costumes for men and women.

Costumes can allow the wearer of the costume to challenge social norms. Nancy Deihl is a scholar in costume studies. She says. When you allowed wear a costume you can also engage in activities that are not your usual behaviour.

Valerie Steele observed that women’s extravagant costumes at masquerade balls in the past violated traditional feminine propriety expectations. Today’s West encourages girls and women to prioritize sex appeal. Therefore, sexy costume do not allow the wearer to break from the norm but rather to stay within it.

Sexy Halloween costumes

It’s okay to have sexy Halloween costumes, especially for women who want to be attractive. Even though men are rarely ask for “sexiness” in costumes, it still a popular choice. Problematic when women are limit in their options and have little choice. It evident that girls now required to dress in sexy Halloween costumes.

Girls costumes use to be design to resemble a certain thing or person in the past. These same themes are still prominent in modern girl’s costumes. They feature short dresses, stockings, and even thigh high boots, which can be accessorized to make them appear faintly like a cat, a clown, or a pumpkin.

Recently, the word “naughty”, which was previously used to describe a variety of “naughty”, women’s costumes, has been shifted to a Walmart Naughty Leopard outfit for toddlers

Commercially-made Halloween costumes are slowly making their way onto our shelves, as Australian traditions become more ingrained. Cultural differences may mean that we won’t see the racism of “sexy-squaw” costumes, or an equivalent local to, gain acceptance. However, it is difficult to imagine that the overwhelming demand for sexy women’s costumes will not be imported along with the inedible pumpkins.